Phenomenology (from the Greek, “study of what appears”) is the philosophical research that deals with how we know the world as it appears to consciousness. The aspect on which it focuses envisages extrapolating the “how” of the occurrence of phenomena, that is, the articulations of the experience that animate consciousness as they appear.
Doing phenomenology is to study the personal attitude of a detached spectator that characterizes every vision, and that differentiates the way (or ways) in which we see and understand the world. Once brought back its essence to the integral psychophysical dimension, the phenomenological analysis allows its modeling: we can then assign each of them a place in the reality that naturally characterizes our environment.
This methodology, applied to sport, focuses first of all on attention to one’s own corporeality, understood as a mental phenomenon. Because of that, the body can be instructed to observe itself in the athletic gesture, in the psychological tension and in the surrounding narrative context. The goal is to formalize every gesture, act, or context, in order to evaluate its meaning: that is, to outline and study its character of pure spiritual essence.