The Greek etymology of the word “soul”, Psyche, derives from the verb to breathe (Psycho) and links the soul to the breath as a vital manifestation of being. In the classical world, the psyche is represented as an ideal image (Eidolon) of the most primordial idea (Eidos) of a naked human form; or as a winged entity, with abstract inherence in the physical body.
In truth, not only is by analogy to the breath as vital manifestations of being that the body relates to the soul. Rightly understood as the idea of the indissolubility of body and soul, the psyche retains the aspects of psychophysical connection that must distinguish the Human as a form of life, and therefore requires proper application in exercise and daily practice.
This attitude concretely defines healthy breathing, exactly like proper meditation.
The common thread that unites philosophy and psychology passes through a set of emotional and cognitive factors. Emotions, as a cognitive way of accessing personality, observed in the vital dynamics of everyone’s existence and in the daily rhythm of breathing, are the subject matter of the study of psychology. As with the most ancient Eastern practices, or other non-Western traditions, the research and applied study of emotions, however, only partially refers to what psychology, from a philosophical perspective, consider to be the soul.
Applications to sports practice have a role in this sense: if linked to the dynamic of free play practice is formative for the individual in the social sphere. For this reason, the words for “young person” and for “game”, which in Greek have the same etymology (Paideia), are both linked to human education and philosophical reflection as a medicine for the soul, that is to say to meditation: as an opening access to moral sensitivity and spirituality. Those same terms, exemplified in the psychophysical connection between wellness and harmony, constitute human psyche, and dictate human breath.